What to do if there’s severe bleeding:
Whenever you’re managing bleeding (minor or severe) you should always ensure that you’re first wearing gloves. This is for the safety of both you and the patient. The word to remember when managing any kind of bleeding is pressure. Applying pressure to the wound by using a clean bandage or pad is essential. Another important tip is to raise the injured part of the patient’s body and try to restrict movement—this will help to slow down the blood loss.
Next will come time to clean the wound and apply the dressing and bandage. Always ensure you clean the wound with sterile saline or rinse with clean water before applying the dressing. It’s recommended that you use a clean and non-adherent dressing that extends roughly 2cm past the edges of the wound. Finally, secure the dressing with a bandage.
In the event that the severe bleeding is life-threatening, for example, if a limb has been amputated or the patient has been attacked by a shark, the use of a tourniquet could be very useful. The purpose of the tourniquet is to minimise the flow of blood to the wound so that the patient doesn’t start losing too much blood.