Do you know what to do for this as a first aider?
***VIEWER WARNING *** VIDEO HERE
Here is a video of a man that has been impaled on a school fence after a car accident, its a miracle he is awake the whole time and survives this!
Australian first aid recommendations for bleeding (ANZCOR Bleeding Guidelines)
Usually external bleeding can be controlled by the application of pressure on or near the wound to stop further bleeding until help arrives. The main aim is to reduce blood loss from the victim.
The use of direct pressure is usually the fastest, easiest and most effective way to stop bleeding. However, in some circumstances, indirect pressure may be used.
If there is an obvious embedded object, use indirect pressure.
- Do not remove the embedded object because it may be plugging the wound and restricting bleeding.
- Place padding around or above and below the object and apply pressure over the pads.
- Call 000
General Bleeding Management
- Use standard precautions (eg gloves, protective glasses) if readily available.
- Attempt to stop the bleeding by applying sustained direct or indirect pressure on or near the wound as appropriate.
- Lie the patient down if able to if bleeding from the lower limb or severe bleeding.
- If severe bleeding not controlled by above measures, use a tourniquet above bleeding point if available and trained in its use
- Call an ambulance on 000 or 112.
- If the victim is unresponsive and not breathing normally, start CPR.
Direct Pressure Method
- apply firm, direct pressure sufficient to stop the bleeding
- apply pressure using hands or a pad ensuring that sufficient pressure is maintained and that the pressure remains over the wound. If bleeding continues, apply another pad and a tighter dressing over the wound.
To assist in controlling bleeding, where possible:
- restrict movement
- immobilise the part
- advise the victim to remain at total rest.
If bleeding continues it may be necessary to remove the pad(s) to ensure that a specific bleeding point has not been missed. The aim is to press over a small area and thus achieve greater pressure over the bleeding point. For this reason an unsuccessful pressure dressing may be removed to allow a more direct pressure pad and dressing on the bleeding location.
Tourniquets should only be used for life threatening bleeding from a limb that cannot be controlled by direct pressure. A wide bandage (of at least 5cm) can be used as a tourniquet 5-7 cm above the bleeding point. The bandage should be tight enough to stop all circulation to the injured limb and control the bleeding. The time of application must be noted and passed on to emergency/ambulance personnel. Once applied, the victim requires urgent transfer to hospital and the tourniquet should not be removed until the victim receives specialist care.
A tourniquet should not be applied over a joint or wound, and must not be covered up by any bandage or clothing.
Recognition of Internal bleeding may be difficult to recognise, but should always be suspected where there are symptoms and signs of shock
If you need to learn these life saving skills, come along and do our Provide first aid course HLTAID003 Book online now or call 0755205068
In the wake of recent tragic events and serious flooding, this simple information on how to escape from a sinking car could save you or loved ones life when it counts.
The S-C-W-O Method 1- Seat belt 2- Children 3- Window 4- OUT
Any car accident is frightening, but an accident in which your vehicle is thrown into the water, with you trapped inside, is absolutely terrifying. Such accidents are particularly dangerous due to the risk of drowning. 10 percent of drowning deaths can be attributed to being submerged in a car, and about 400 Americans die from being submerged in a car every year.
However, most deaths are a result of panic, not having a plan and not understanding what is happening to the car in the water. By adopting a brace position to survive the impact, acting decisively when the car ends up in the water, and getting out fast, being trapped in a sinking vehicle is survivable, even if it’s a flooded river.
Here are the steps to survive a car in water.
As soon as you’re aware that you’re going off the road and into a body of water, adopt a brace position. This is done by placing both hands on the steering wheel in the “nine and three” positions. The impact your car makes could set off the airbag system in your vehicle and any other brace position could cause serious injury in such an event. If your hands are located at “ten and two” position when the airbag inflated it could force your hands into your face resulting in serious injury. Remember, an airbag inflates rapidly, within 0.04 seconds upon being triggered. Once this aspect is out of the way, prepare for the next step immediately.
• Remain calm. Panic reduces energy, uses up precious air, and causes you to blank out. Repeat a mantra of what to do to get out (see next step) and stay focused on the situation at hand. Panic can be left for the shore when you reach it.
The seat belt is the first thing to attend to, yet it often gets forgotten in the panic.
The motto here is: Seat belt; children; window; OUT (S-C-W-O).
• Unbuckle the children, starting with the oldest first (who can then help the others).
• Forget the cell phone call. Your car isn’t going to wait for you to make the call and sadly, people have lost their lives trying this. Get busy getting out.
• There is a counter-theory that suggests the seat belt should be left on. This theory suggests that if you release your seat belt, you may, due to underwater disorientation, end up moving away from the window or door opening due to the ingress of water through the opening.
If you need to push the door open, being anchored by the seat belt might give you additional leverage, versus pushing the door while you’re suspended in the water. Having your seat belt on could also help you maintain your sense of orientation if the car flips upside-down.
On the downside, having your seat belt on can also make it harder to get out quickly and to move out, which is the point of reacting quickly from the start and not waiting in the vehicle. In the video featuring Rick Mercer and Professor Giesbrecht below, they show clearly that it’s important to be able to move around from the start, including if you need to move to the backseat to get out of the car as the engine-heavy front part starts tipping deeper first.
3. Open the window as soon as you hit the water.
Following Professor Giesbrecht’s recommendation, leave the door alone at this stage and concentrate on the window. A car’s electrical system should work for up to three minutes in water. (not that you have three minutes of course), so try the method of opening it electronically first. Many people don’t think about the window as an escape option either because of panic, lack of using the window for exit normally, or because they’re focused on lots of misinformation about doors and sinking. There are several reasons for not bothering with the door according to Professor Giesler. Immediately upon impact, you have only a few seconds in which opening the door of your sinking car is possible, while most of the door is still above water level. Once the car has started to sink, it is not humanly possible to open the door again until the pressure between the inside and the outside of the car has been equalized (leveled); this means that the car cabin has to be filled with water and that’s not really a state you want to be in.
If you aren’t able to open the window, or it only opens halfway, you’ll need to break it. You will need to use an object or your foot to break the window. You can also take your headrest off and use the metal inserts to break a window. It may feel counter-intuitive to let water into the car, but the sooner it is open, the sooner you will be able to escape directly through the broken window.
• If you have no tools or heavy objects to break the window with, use your feet. If you have high heels, these might work when placed at the center of the window. Otherwise, Professor Giesbrecht advises that you aim to kick near the front of the window or along the hinges (see the demonstration in the video). Be aware that it’s very hard to break a window by kicking, so find these breakpoints. Don’t even try the windshield; it’s made to be unbreakable (safety glass) and even if you did manage to shatter it (unlikely in the time you have), the stickiness of safety glass can make it hard to get through. Side and rear windows are the best options for escape.
• If you have a heavy object, aim for the center of the window. A rock, hammer, steering wheel lock, umbrella, screwdriver, laptop, large camera, etc., might all serve as suitable battering objects. Even the keys might work if you’re strong enough.
• If you’ve already thought ahead, you might have a window breaking tool handy in the car. There are various tools available. Professor Giesbrecht recommends a “center punch”, which is a small tool that could be easily stowed in the driver’s side door or on the dashboard, for fast retrieval. This power punch is usually spring-loaded and can also be found in a hammer shape. Failing that, you could also carry your own small hammer.
Take a deep breath, and swim out through the broken window as soon as you’ve broken it. Water will be gushing into the car at this point, so expect this and use your strength to swim out and up. Professor Giesbrecht’s experiments have shown that it is possible to get out through this torrent (contrary to some theories) and that it’s better to go now than to wait.
• Look to children first. Heave them up toward the surface as best you can. If they cannot swim, see if you can give them something that floats to hold onto, with strict instructions not to let go. An adult may need to go with them immediately if there is nothing to hold onto.
• As you exit the car, do not kick your feet until clear of the car – you could injure other passengers. Use your arms to propel you upward.
• If the car is sinking quickly and you haven’t gotten out yet, keep trying to get out of the window. If there is a child in the car, tell them to breathe normally until the water is up to their chest.
Escape when the car has equalized, If it has reached the dramatic stage where the car cabin has filled with water and it has equalized, you must move quickly and effectively to ensure your survival. It takes 60 to 120 seconds (1 to 2 minutes) for a car to fill up with water usually. While there is still air in the car, take slow, deep breaths and focus on what you’re doing. Unlock your door, either with the power button (if it is still working) or manually. If the doors are stuck (which they probably will be in most cases, with the pressure being massive), hopefully you’ve been busy breaking the window already, as advised in the previous steps.
• Continue to breathe normally until the water is at chest level, then take a deep breath and hold your nose.
• Stay calm. Keep your mouth closed to preserve breath and to prevent water from entering. Swim out through the broken window.
• If exiting via an open door, place your hand on the door latch. If you are unable to see it, use a physical reference by stretching your hand from your hip and feeling along the door until you locate the latch.
6. Swim to the surface as quickly as possible.
Push off the car and swim to the surface. If you don’t know which way to swim, look for light and swim toward it or follow any bubbles you see as they will be going up. Be aware of your surroundings as you swim and surface; you may have to deal with a strong current or obstacles such as rocks, concrete bridge supports, or even passing boats. If it’s very cold water, keep moving and get everyone out as quick as possible, do your best to avoid injuring yourself on obstacles, and use branches, supports, and other items to cling to if you’re injured or exhausted.
7. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.
The adrenaline in your bloodstream after the escape may make you unable to detect any injuries you may have sustained in the accident. Hail passing motorists who can call for help on their phones and provide you with warmth, comfort, and a lift to nearest hospital.
If you would like to learn more life saving tips, come and check out our Nationally Recognised First Aid Training on the Gold Coast
Concussion is a dangerous and sometimes fatal injury so it’s important to be able to recognize and treat the symptoms as soon as they present themselves. Concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury which is caused by a blow either directly to the head or another part of the body with the force being transmitted to the head.
Having access to accurate information to enable people to confidently diagnose and somewhat treat the signs of concussion has become a matter of urgency within both the professional sporting industry and the medical field. Ongoing research is showing that un-diagnosed concussions, especially those caused through sporting injuries, could now be responsible for neurological issues in later life.
The Australian Government has recently recognized the void of reputable information and a lack of online resources available for those who find themselves in need of a legitimate medical diagnosis for concussion. The targeted audience for this information includes athletes, coaches, medical practitioners, parents and teachers.
In order to provide accurate information that was particularly relevant to sporting concussions, two major governing bodies, the Australian Institute of Sport (AIS) and the Australian Medical Association (AMA) combined their research of concussions in sport and created a website which acts as a portal of information for diagnosing and managing concussion: www.concussioninsport.gov.au.
“Bringing these two organisations together for this important initiative gives Australian’s confidence and clarity in seeking further information about the diagnosis and management of concussion.” Said Dr David Hughes AIS Chief Medical Officer.
It is important for people who are involved in a high-risk environment for receiving a concussion, such as sports players, to understand that even the subtlest of changes to a person’s behavior could be a sign of concussion. As noted in this video released by the Australian government, the main symptoms of concussion include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- ‘pressure in the head’
- Balance problems
- Difficulty remembering
- “not feeling right”
- Feeling in a “fog”
- Feeling slowed down
- Difficulty concentrating
Dr Stephen Parnis, AMA Vice President & Emergency Physician offered a valuable piece of advice in the below video, if someone has received a hard blow while playing sport and showing possible signs of concussion, “If in doubt, sit it out.” Reducing the damage to someone’s brain is more important than getting back out on the field and scoring a try.
First Aid Accident and Emergency has a range of first aid courses some of which discuss head trauma and possible concussion. If you would like any information on our first aid classes, please contact our head office today.
This Saturday was a special day for Kirra parkrun, not only was it their 5th year anniversary, they also received a new LIFEPAK CR PLUS Defibrillator from Scott Whimpey, director of First Aid Accident & Emergency. Scott got the word that Gavin Mathieson, Gold Coast area manager for parkrun was visiting Kirra, along with Paul Relf from Main Beach parkrun, Divina Hervey from Surfers Paradise parkrun and Kirra parkrun Director, Emma Nicholson. Putting together the defibrillators for parkrun’s on the Gold Coast and presenting them at Kirra’s anniversary run was a very special thing to do, said Scott.
The friendly atmosphere and welcoming mix of runners from all over the southern Gold Coast and Tweed region gives Kirra parkrun a special feel. Scott also decided to have a hit out over the fastest 5km parkrun course on the Gold Coast, I had my work cut out with some fast runners out on the day, I managed to run my fastest time for the year and posted a 17:20 sec 5km. Thanks Kirra for looking after me and all the best with the new Defibrillator, hopefully there is no need to crack it out!
First Aid Accident & Emergency (FAAE) have partnered up with Guy Leech and parkrun for an Australian first.
FAAE have established themselves as a market leader for Workplace Defibrillators by teaming up with the best in the business- Guy Leech, parkrun and Physio Control to deliver an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) to every parkrun event in the country, that’s right, the ultimate life saving tool at your local parkrun. That’s a massive undertaking considering there is now over 150 parkrun events in Australia.
parkrun is a free National, Saturday morning 5 km timed running or jogging event, you can even take your dog, this event is taking the country and the world by storm with over 1 million parkrunners registered worldwide.
The parkrun partnership started a few years ago when First Aid Accident & Emergency were approached by Tim Oberg after some serious incidents at parkrun events in Australia, these situations were serious enough to think about how we could help the parkrun team deal with possible resuscitation’s and serious emergencies.
A national partnership was formed between parkrun and First Aid Accident & Emergency, this was headed up by Scott Whimpey, a self confessed running addict and parkrunner. “We initially helped out by implemented first aid kits for all parkrun events, but we needed to set the bar higher” said Scott, Director of FAAE.
Defibs4parkrun is a crowd funding initiative that was conceived by parkrun Director – Tim Oberg and his 2IC Renee Gimbert. In 2016 the two went out and on a mission and approached local members of the councils for funding, they also started with crowd funding, aiming to raise funds for the defibrillator dream. Everything started turning into reality late last year with some progress being made, defibrillators were purchased and started to get shipped out to events.
Then FAAE was approached by Guy Leech- a former world iron man champion and an ambassador for Physio Control defibrillators, Guy had been through a personal experience with a mate on a surf ski that had a SCA (sudden cardiac arrest), despite all attempts being made to resuscitate his mate, Guy was not successful and his mate could not be revived by the champ. Guy immediately looked for the answer and found it in AED’s.
Guy approached Physio Control and struck up a partnership, he wanted to raise awareness about the necessity of defibrillators within the first 10 minutes of someone having a heart attack.
By this stage Tim and Renee were up and running and decided to put the “Dream Team” together, Scott Whimpey and Guy Leech headed up the supply and services required for the Australian parkrun organisation.
“Teaming up with Guy Leech not only helps us promote safety in Australia and especially within the parkrun family, it helps us get the word out about defibrillators, first aid and CPR training and all the key aspects of a successful resuscitation” says Scott
Over 120 defibrillators are now at parkrun events with more to come.
So as a parkrunner, you can now feel a little safer hitting your favourite 5km patch of turf with a parkrun defibrillator ready to go.
Thanks Tim, Renee, Guy and the FAAE team for making the dream a reality.
For more information on Sudden Cardiac Arrests, defibrillators and first aid procedures to perform a successful resuscitation, check our parkrun page.
If you would like to enquire about a Workplace Defibrillator or first aid kit, call the office on 07 55205068 or visit us at www.firstaidae.com.au
The Gold Coast is officially in the midst of a heatwave and with the conditions forecast to continue on throughout the weekend, it is important to understand the ‘dangers’ of a heatwave.
With temperatures set to soar and humidity levels getting higher across the next few days, emergency services are advising people in the affected areas of of New South Wales and Queensland to take the proper precautions to prevent any medical issues.
These precautions cover a range of areas in conditions so it’s important to take note and be vigilant in the hot conditions for yourself and your family. The following issues are the main conditions that paramedics are treating and are mostly preventable:
Even if you are working inside in air conditioning, when the temperatures outside get warmer, you still need to make an concerted effort to drink enough water. It is recommended to maintain a healthy level of hydration to drink 2 litres of water a day. Obviously if you are working outdoors or the outside temperature is extreme, you need to drink more to replace the water your body is losing through heat.
Symptoms: The most common symptoms of dehydration include dizziness, dry mouth, headache and loss of concentration.
Prevention: Take regular water breaks. If you are working outside, ensure you take regular breaks in the shade and drink lots of water. If you start to feel light-headed, you will need to sit down and take a longer break ensuring that you are drinking lots of water and taking lots of deep breaths to help restore the the oxygen levels in your body.
The combination of extreme heat and no wind causes air pollution levels to increase which can cause problems for asthma sufferers. Over the past few days Sydney has experienced these conditions resulting in authorities issuing an official warning to those suffering from respiratory conditions.
Symptoms: Asthma sufferers may or may not experience an asthma attack but will experience symptoms that will make them uncomfortable. When the airways become aggravated, asthma sufferers will usually experience tightening of the muscles around the airways which then results in inflammation and extra mucus production.
Prevention: If you or a family member suffer from asthma it is advised in these hot conditions to keep indoors and out of the hot air. Ensure medication is being used frequently to stabilize any symptoms before they become too unmanageable.
It is has been a tragic start to 2017 with a record number of drownings happening around Australia over the summer holidays. Drownings are often preventable but as people now have more access than ever to bodies of water (backyard swimming pools, beaches, public swimming areas, etc) people can often become complacent when it comes to taking the proper safety precautions around water.
Symptoms: Unlike what is depicted in the movies, drowning is a silent killer especially when it comes to children. This is why supervision, being a confident swimmer and swimming in groups is the best safety precautions you can take.
Prevention: Become water wise! This includes swimming between the flags if swimming at the beach; always have adequate supervision when children are swimming in a backyard pool; do not consume alcohol while swimming; be aware of conditions; do not swim alone and most importantly, learn CPR!
Tis the season where all the usual routines go out the window. Whether you’re packing the kids up for a camping trip, attending Christmas parties or just having a heap of friends over for a BBQ, things can sometimes unfortunately go awry.
Here’s three tips to help ensure, no matter where you are going or what you are doing, that your holidays will be safe:
Allocate a ‘responsible’ adult: This is the most fool-proof way for preventing incidents, having someone constantly supervising. Whether it’s a group of you out on the boat fishing with friends, being the designated driver for a work Christmas party or supervising all the kids in the pool at a BBQ. Having one person solely allocated to keeping a watch on things, will make an enormous impact when it comes to preventing possible accidents. If possible, just rotate responsibility so there’s not one person missing out on all the fun!
Drink lots of water: Dehydration is one of the most common conditions that paramedics and first aid officers treat throughout the Summer months. So keep your water levels up. Especially if you are out and about in the heat of the day.
Keep your First Aid skills up-to-date: If you attended a first aid course five years ago, your skills will be not be up-to-date or fresh in your head. By attending one of our regular First Aid Accident and Emergency first aid refresher courses, you will not only be informed on new first aid techniques but have the chance to practice your newly learned skills in a hands-on environment. Encourage work colleagues, family and friends to also up-date their First Aid skills or attend their first First Aid course. The more people that have the knowledge, the more chances that help will be on hand if needed. It may even be you that needs the help?
There are approximately 1.7 million Australians who have diabetes. This is an alarming statistic especially considering that an estimated 500,000 of these sufferers have not been medically diagnosed.
Diabetes is the medical condition when the insulin hormone is not being produced at sufficient levels for the body to convert glucose into energy and function properly. There are several types of diabetes and several causes of diabetes which is important to understand if you are treating someone for this medical condition.
Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 Diabetes is not caused by lifestyle and there has been no official diagnosis of any other apparent causes, however there is speculation that it can be passed through genetics and is typically diagnosed before the age of 30. There is no cure for Type 1 Diabetes and requires consistent management of regular insulin injections or use of an insulin pump.
Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 Diabetes is more common in adults over the age of 45, particularly those who are overweight or have a family history of the condition. 85%-90% of diagnosed diabetes is Type 2 Diabetes and can be instigated through lifestyle conditions such as poor diet, alcohol consumption and smoking. This diabetes is progressive and there is no known cure for the disease and is managed through regular insulin intake, oral medication and lifestyle changes.
Gestational Diabetes: Gestational Diabetes occurs during pregnancy and typically resolves after the baby is born. This is diagnosed in a standard 24-28-week Glucose Challenge Test (GCT) and can be managed throughout the pregnancy. Particular risk factors of developing Gestational Diabetes includes family history, particular ethnic backgrounds, being overweight and prior medical conditions such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Diabetes can be dangerous when insulin levels become so low that the patient cannot function with some even slipping into an insulin coma. In most situations, someone who has been diagnosed with diabetes will often carry a supply of insulin with them, however, it can be beneficial if you have a basic understanding of the symptoms before they get to a stage where they need medical intervention.
Sometimes that intervention may simply be fetching them a sugary drink or water while other more serious situations may require medical professionals. If someone who is suffering from diabetes shows any of the following symptoms, intervention will be required:
- Feeling faint and/or dizzy
- Sudden perspiration
- Sudden hunger
These symptoms are the body’s way of indicating that insulin levels are too low. If left untreated, a diabetic could lose consciousness which is why it is important when treating someone for these above symptoms, that you firstly establish if the patient is diabetic as this will affect the way in which they need to be treated.
If you are interested in any of our First Aid courses facilitated at our Gold Coast headquarters or your workplace, contact us today.
A heart attack is a medical emergency involving a blockage to the blood supply of the heart.
The heart is a muscular pump which requires a constant supply of blood (carrying Oxygen). The blood is supplied by small arteries (known as Coronary Arteries). These blood vessels can become blocked resulting in a section of the heart being starved of oxygen and dying – this is a heart attack.
Pain from a heart attack can occur in the chest but also radiating down the left arm. So why does this occur?
The heart is an organ within your body so does not have a well-defined sense of pain. In contrast, your fingertips are very sensitive and able to pinpoint exactly where pain occurs – think about a papercut or a burn, in this situation you know exactly where the injury is.
Pain from the heart (known as cardiac pain) can occur in several places such as the left arm, jaw and shoulders.
This is because the sensory fibres carrying information about the heart connect into the same part of the spinal cord as the sensory fibres from the left arm and jaw.
The brain is unable to distinguish between information from the heart and the information coming from the arm. Therefore it perceives the pain as occurring in the arm.
Sometimes the pain can also be felt in the right arm, back or abdomen.
In rare situations, a heart attack may not cause any pain at all. These so called ‘Silent Heart Attacks’ are most common in the elderly and people with diabetes.
It is important if you suspect a heart attack to call for emergency medical help as soon as possible. Remember ‘time is muscle’ when dealing with heart attacks, the sooner the victim receives specialist medical help the more heart muscle can be saved.
At First Aid Accident and Emergency we have trained and experienced staff facilitating all of our first aid throughout the Gold Coast and Northern New South Wales.
When the Gold Coast Mayor’s Office needs First Aid training, you know they want the best training the Gold Coast can offer. First Aid Accident & Emergency Director- Scott Whimpey, was requested by the Mayor Tom Tate and his Chief of staff to facilitate a specially tailored CPR and First Aid course to meet the needs of the leader of our City. The emergency response session was recently delivered in the Mayor’s headquarters at the Gold Coast City Council offices.
“We are considered different to all the other providers as we conduct Lifelike, interactive sessions that are tailored to workplaces and specialised groups, including the Mayors council chambers” said Scott Whimpey. “Ensuring that programs are delivered in a relevant format, and relevant environment, is one of the key differences FAAE offers to our clients. Our team and experience understand that if people are comfortable in their learning environment and the content is relevant to their specific situation, they will retain more information and first aid practices.”
The first aid didn’t stop after the training session with the Mayor expressing interest in programs for Defibrillators and general first aid awareness of CPR within the community.